Maddewata As The Performing Art Of Bissu Oral Tradition In Bugis Soppeng Society

Suciaty Pratiwi, Arisal Arisal, Faisal Faisal


The history of I La Galigo as a literary work of ancient Bugis has given many contributions towards world literature development both in oral and written forms. In the previous decades, there were a lot of talks about past traditions which still exist in society. Those traditions have received the attention of various experts especially anthropologist, sociologists and philologists. One form of traditions that still exists today is the Bissu oral tradition. In various translations of episode of I La Galigo, those explain many things about the existence of Bissu with sacred verses which are inseparable from one another. The form of a Bissu tradition which still survives today is something that has value and becomes a local cultural heritage that can be said to be global. This paper aims to describe the ritual performing art in Bissu activities which manifests in tradition, especially in Bugis Soppeng society. Activities in a Bissu tradition certainly contain various kinds of local wisdom values that are expected to contribute to build one's character.


Maddewata, Performing, Oral Tradition, Bissu, Soppeng

Full Text:



Agussalim, A. A. (2013). Makna Simbolik Pertunjukan Elokkelong Mabbiola: Interaksi dan Interpretasinya dalam Masyarakat Bugis Wajo. Depok: Universitas Indonesia (Disertasi) belum diterbitkan.

Ambo, E. F. (1999). Ritumpanna Welenrennge: Sebuah Episoda Sastra Bugis Klasik Galigo. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Cavallaro, D. (2001). Critical and Cultural Theory (terjemahan). Yogyakarta. Niagara.

Duija, I.N. (2005). Tradisi lisan, Naskah, dan Sejarah Sebuah Catatan Politik Kebudayaan Wacana. Volume 7, halaman 115ā€“128.

Kern, R. A. (1993). I La Galigo terjemahan La Side dan Sagimun. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Pelras, C. (2006). Manusia Bugis. Jakarta: Forum Jakarta ā€“ Paris Ecole Francais dā€™ Extreme-Orient.

Sibarani, R. 2015. Pendekatan Antropolinguistik terhadap Kajian Tradisi Lisan. Retorika Jurnal. Ilmu Bhs. 1, 1ā€“17.

Spradley, J. P. (1997). Metode Etnografi. Yogyakarta: PT Tiara Utama.

Tang, M. R. (2000). Tolok Rumpakna Bone. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Undang-Undang Nomor 5 Tahun 2017 tentang Pemajuan Kebudayaan. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.


Article metrics

Abstract views : 43 | views : 0


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Aksara: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Nonformal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Magister Pendidikan Nonformal Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Gorontalo
Jl. Soedirman No. 06 Gorontalo 96128 e-mail: